Dealing with your skin type: Dry and Dehydrated Skin
Have you lost your glowing, lustrous skin to dryness? Does your skin look tired, aged and worn down? Have no fear, for you are not alone. The aesthetic world is seeing an increasingly high demand for the treatment of dry and dehydrated skin concerns. This has led to the growing product and treatment availabilities to target these concerns. Let’s have a look at the why, how and some essential tips.
Why your skin is Dry and Dehydrated
People use dry skin as an interchangeable word when their skin is dry and/or dehydrated. When you experience a dry skin, it can be the cause of either actual dryness or dehydration. What is the difference?
Dry skin is when your stratum corneum is dry due to a lack of moisture/oil. This is because of your sebaceous glands not producing enough oil to moisturise and protect your skin.
Dehydrated skin is when your actual skin cells needs hydration/water. This could be a result of not drinking enough water or because your stratum cornium is compromised and unable to lock the hydration in and prevent loss of water through the skin.
As you can see, it can be very difficult to keep your skin hydrated if you don’t keep it moisturised. There are however other factors that can play a role in drying out or dehydrating your skin. These are;
Hormonal changes can affect the sebaceous gland’s oil production by causing it to be underactive. This results in a lack of natural oils on the skin, a compromised barrier and loss of hydration in the skin cells (giving you a dry and dehydrated skin).
Harsh environments where the pollution and sun exposure is high can compromise your skin as it places it under continuous stress. This slowly breaks down the integrity of your skin, causing it to become dry and/or dehydrated.
Lifestyle (foods and exercise)
If your lifestyle includes smoking, lack of proper essential fatty acids and water intake, high caffeine and sugar consumption etc., you might see a decrease in hydration and health of your skin. All these things can play a role in breaking down the strength of your skin, allowing stressors like pollution to cause harm.
Drying home care
When you over exfoliate, or use drying soaps and lotions, you starve your skin of the essential moisture (oil and water) it needs. You need to ensure that you use proper enriching and nourishing home care products, as well as limit abrasive products to once a week.
So what about acne patients? Their skin can be dehydrated but still oily. This is just one of the many paradoxes of the aesthetic world. Their skin is oily due to their overactive sebaceous glands, but when the follicle of the gland becomes clogged, the oil production builds up within that follicle with little to no escape. This is when their skin becomes compromised and dehydrated. Added to this Acne treatments can also leave the skin dry.
How to treat your Dry and Dehydrated Skin
There are a couple of do’s and don’ts for dry and dehydrated skin types. Here they are:
- Avoid using silicone based products as this just sits on the skin with little to no penetration of the actives.
- Don’t smoke as it can compromises your skin’s integrity.
- Don’t sleep with your make up on as it can compromise your skin’s absorption capabilities.
- Avoid certain hormonal, blood pressure and cholesterol medication as they can dry out your skin. Your medical professional should factor this in when prescribing it.
- Avoid excessive sun exposure.
6 Essential tips from our doctors for your dry skin:
- Drink lots of water to hydrate the skin from the inside out – Dr Xen Ludick
- Wear a good sunblock to protect the barrier of your skin from environmental stresses – Dr Xen Ludick
- Have regular hyaluronic acid injections to hydrate the skin on deeper levels – Dr Jenni Irvine
- In winter, change to a more nourishing moisturiser – Dr Jenni Irvine
- Manage/minimize your alcohol intake as it dehydrates you, thus dehydrating your skin – Dr Martelize Brand
- Minimize your salt intake as it can dehydrate your skin – Dr Martelize Brand
Having dry and dehydrated skin is not the end of the world. There are so many products and treatments out there that can help to correct or improve your concern.
Phone us to find out how we can solve your dry and dehydrated skin concerns.
- Jean, A. ‘Dry vs. Dehydrated Skin: What’s the Difference (And How to Fix Yours)’. Accessed March 2017 (https://www.annmariegianni.com/dry-vs-dehydrated-skin/)
- Dr Howard, D. ‘The Top Three Causes of Dry, Dehydrated Skin’. The International Dermal Institute. Accessed March 2017 (http://www.dermalinstitute.com/us/library/18_article_The_Top_Three_Causes_of_Dry_Dehydrated_Skin.html)
- Author unknown. ‘is my skin dry or dehydrated?’. Accessed March 2017(http://www.dermalogica.com/is-my-skin-dry-or-dehydrated%3F/is-my-skin-dry-or-dehydrated,default,pg.html)
- Black, L. R., 2016. ‘7 Things That Happen When You Sleep With Makeup On’. Bustle. Accessed April 2017 (https://www.bustle.com/articles/134462-7-things-that-happen-when-you-sleep-with-makeup-on)
Written by: Danike Bouwer
Edited by: Dr Jenni Irvine
©The Aesthetics Centre May 2017